Management of Acute Malnutrition

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A healthy child in Pursat Province

Cambodia Demographic and Health Surveys (CDHS) showed improvement of stunting among children under 5 from 50 percent in 2000 to 43 percent in 2005; it decreased further to 40 percent in 2010 and 32 percent in 2014. Wasting declined from 17 percent in 2000 to 8 percent in 2005 but increased to 11 percent in 2010 and slightly dropped to 10 percent in 2014. Underweight dropped from 39 percent in 2000 to 28 percent in 2005; no improvement in 2010 and decreased to 24 percent in 2014.

RACHA’s previous community maternal, newborn and child health project project supported the Baby Friendly Community Initiative (BFCI) by working closely with the National Nutrition Program (NNP)/ and all levels of the Ministry of Health to promote and support early initiation and exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months, continued breastfeeding for at least 2 years in addition to promoting adequate complementary feeding, cooking demonstrations and growth monitoring for children of 6-24 months. This initiative works through the formation and training of a Mother Support Group (MSG) in each village and training Nuns and Wat Grannies (N/WG) to help implement the activities. RACHA also provided health education to improve home gardening and poultry keeping to improve nutritional and micronutrient status and promote using clean water and hygiene for care takers.